MPPSC Prelims & Mains Notes, MPPSC Test Series
Environment & General Science
The core objectives are understanding the dynamics of urban regions and developing effective interventions using various decision support systems and instruments in multi-stakeholder settings.
Urban Environment Management draws on and integrates theories and perspectives in established disciplines of urban planning, urban and regional development, urban economics, sustainable development, and urban policy and management studies into a distinctive framework of problems, issues, and questions concerning the urban environment, in a developing country/city context.
Themes include urbanization processes, urban indicators, and monitoring, spatial analytical techniques, governance of urban regions, modeling and scenario analysis, training in waste management, environmental assessment for water-related policies and developments, etc. The magnitude and dynamics of urbanization place an enormous burden on organizations and professionals responsible for the planning and management of urban regions.
Urban Environmental Management (UEM) responds to the need to examine urban growth and environmental problems from the management and planning perspectives to contribute to the development of sustainable, inclusive and resilient cities. Community involvement becomes, all the more critical when the shortcomings and weaknesses of the local government to effectively deal with the range of problems are taken into account.
At the lowest level community involvement can be seen as a passive acceptance where the community recognizes and adjusts to the implemented public plans. Historically, interactions with the various actors in the UEM processes have been very weak and ineffective. While laws to effect such involvement existed, it was not exercised both on the part of the local governments (adequate information was not provided), as well as other actors and citizens themselves (there was no commitment to participate).
This calls for a major change in the basic understanding of the citizen’s participation and the consequent needed for information for the decision-making process from the point of view of all actors involved. At higher levels of participation, however, the community is directly involved in the decision-making process at all levels. It also calls for open and free participation at all stages of the process and with no restrictions or barriers.
Thus the interaction between the different actors at different levels of the planning processes and cycles becomes critical to respond to the increasingly complex policy and investment that the urban community face.
With the gradual increase in the transparency and openness in the functional organization & operation on the governments, legislation on information disclosure has been received considerable importance. Information that was shared by the government was, in many cases partial and selective. This put the entire decision-making process in the hands of the government as the main actor.
Thus matching and synchronizing public plans to private/individual plans become important, where public services are developed so that private/individual plans can function and be implemented effectively. Parallel there has been a movement among the citizens to not only be aware of the process of UEM within the community but to also be involved in the design of the decision-making process itself.
Such as given and take of information and decision support not only link the planning sector and community, but also all sectors of the local government that affects the development of the region. Public sector plans then become a base on which private decisions are made.
There has however been a growing awareness of the environmental problems and its causes and effect. With there direct involvement the citizens of a community can be as major actors and partners in the process of planning.